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2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season

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2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season
2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season summary
Season Summary

First Storm Formed:

May 3

Last Storm Dissipated:

December 9

Strongest Storm:

Everett - 907 mbar 175 mph

Total Systems:

22

Named Storms:

22

Hurricanes:

14

Major Hurricanes:

8

Total Fatalities:

621

Damage:

§43.265 billion

Other Seasons:

2011, 2012, 2013

The 2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season began on May 3 with the formation of Tropical Storm Annette and ended with the dissipation of January on December 9. The season's first hurricane and first major hurricane formed on May 25, with the formation of the devastating Hurricane Bob. The season persisted with 2 named storms in June and four named storms in July; one of those storms being the strongest storm of the season, which was Hurricane Everett, with 175 mph winds and minimum pressure of 907 mbar. The season continued on with the two most active months, which was August and September, with a total of five storms in each month. Two of those systems being the very devastating Hurricane Lili and Hurricane Paul, which caused widespread damage to Simcity. During the same month, the second strongest hurricane, Rick, formed with 180 mph winds. The season pressed on into October with only three named systems that were active, Samuel, Terry, and Vicente. November and December only produced one storm, Wallis and January, which ended the season after its dissipation.


Seasonal Forecasts

The National Hurricane Center in Clark City forecasts that it should be a very active season will a total of around 20 named storms, 10 hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes.

Actual Numbers:

Named Storms: 22

Hurricanes: 14

Major Hurricanes: 8

Storms

Timeline of Events

Hurricane January (2012)Hurricane Vicente (2012)Hurricane Rick (2012)Hurricane PaulHurricane Omar (2012)Tropical Storm Noel (2012)Hurricane LiliTropical Storm Kenneth (2012)Tropical Storm Gary (2012)Hurricane Everett (2012)Hurricane Darell (2012)Hurricane BobTropical Storm Annette (2012)

Tropical Storm Annette


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Annette.png Tropical Storm Annette's Path.png
Duration May 3 – May 6
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min),  998 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Tropical Storm Annette (2012)

On April 30, an unorginized area of low pressure started to develop near the Biolixi Islands. The National Hurricane Center predicted that the system would dissipate, due to the system forming before the season started. On May 3, the system began orginization and became the first system of the year. On May 4, the system became the first named storm of the year, "Annette". Annette moved along the coast of the Northern Biolixi Island causing damage and flooding. Annette continued to move along the coast and began its weakening process. On May 5, Annette gained its lowest pressure of 998 mbar, even though it wasn't at its maximum wind speed. Later on May 5, the pressure grew very quickly to 1005 mbar and Annette weakened into a tropical depression. On May 6, Annette dissipated. The total from Annette is near 200.5 million simoleons in damage.

Hurricane Bob


Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Bob.png Bob's Path.png
Duration May 25 – May 30
Intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min),  954 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Bob

On May 20, a broad area of low pressure developed in the extreme western portion of the Biolixi Ocean. The broad low continued to move very slowly to the east and soon gained better organization. The low then progressed in organization and became Tropical Depression Two on May 25. Early on May 26, Tropical Depression Two gained in intensity and became Tropical Storm Bob. After a slight turn to the north on May 27, Bob became the first hurricane of the season with 80 mph winds. After crossing Northwest's TCFA (Tropical Cyclone Formation Area) boundary, watches and warnings were posted and Bob became a category 2 with 100 mph winds on May 28. Bob began to move into unusually warm waters near Northwest's coast, Bob intensified into the first major hurricane of the season with 125 mph winds. On May 29, Bob made a devestating landfall around the city of Lorraine Beach with 125 mph maximum sustained winds. Bob brought significant gusts of winds and large storm surge of about 17 to 20 feet. The damage from Bob is still to be surveyed and should be totaled by early June. Bob also brought heavy tropical rain which flooded several rivers and caused evacuations which started on May 30. After making landfall, Bob quickly dissipated and became a post-tropical cyclone the evening of May 30. Bob caused around 6 billion simoleons in damage and killed 10 sims.

Hurricane Cindy


Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Cindy.png Hurricane Cindy's Path.png
Duration June 9 – June 12
Intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min),  987 mbar (hPa)

On June 7, a cold front formed off the coast of Northwest and spawned an area of low pressure. The system quickly began to organize and moved over warmer waters. On June 9, the system had healthy convection and a well defined center of circulation. The system became Tropical Storm Cindy later that day. On June 11, even though wind shear and cooler waters were present, Cindy became the second hurricane of the year with 75 mph winds. Not too soon afterwards, wind shear increased and Cindy moved into even cooler waters; Cindy weakened during the afternoon hours of June 11. After the center of circulation had been completely exposed, Cindy dissipated before making an unexpected landfall in Roanoke. The remnants of Cindy continued to persist to the northeast causing heavy and unneeded rain to Roanoke.

Hurricane Darell


Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Darell.png Darell's Path.png
Duration June 19 – June 25
Intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min),  937 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Darell (2012)

On June 17, a vigorous tropical low developed in between the Biolixi Islands and San Francsico. The National Hurricane Center gave the system a 90% chance of develpoing on June 18; and on June 19 the system became Tropical Depression Four with 35 mph winds. Due to stalling over warm waters and the rapid intensification of the depression, Four became Tropical Storm Darell later the same day. Since Darell was undergoing rapid intensification, as predicted, Darell became the third hurricane of the season off the coast of Virginia on June 20. Darell continued its rapid intensification throughout the day on June 20, Darell became a category 2 hurricane later that day. On June 21, a very defined eye-wall developed and Darell strengthened into a category 3 major hurricane. As predicted by the National Hurricane Center, Darell became a category 4 hurricane with intense winds of 150 mph and minimum pressure down to 937 mbar on the afternoon June 22. Afterwards, Darell began its weakening process on June 23. Early on June 24, Darell rapidly weakened to a category 3, then category 2, then category 1 before landfall on the Barrier Peninsula due to merging with a dry high pressure system. After landfall, Darell quickly dissipated on June 25 due to merging with dry air. Darell caused around 590 million simoleons in damage and 4 fatalities.

Hurricane Everett


Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Everett.png Everett's Path.png
Duration July 4 – July 11
Intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min),  907 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Everett (2012)

On July 2, a tropical wave formed in between the coasts of Northwest and Southwest, it steadily moved a continued to organize. On July 3, the system was given a near 100% chance of developing from the National Hurricane Center. The system soon developed into Tropical Depression Five on July 4. Five continued to press on to the E and due to warm waters and very favorable conditions, Five quickly strengthened into Tropical Storm Everett later the same day. On July 5, Everett continued to under-go rapid intensification and quickly became a category 1 hurricane. Everett became a category 2 hurricane later the same day while still undergoing rapid intensification. On July 6, Everett became the third major hurricane of the season with 115 mph winds and pressure of 961 mbar. On July 7, Everett became a category 4 hurricane and was still expected to intensify into a category 5 hurricane. During the evening hours on July 7, Everett broke a record for shortest amount of time for a tropical cyclone to attain category 5 status. The National Hurricane Center documented this event live as they put on a special event to the countdown for Everett to become a category 5 and break a record. On July 8, Everett gained its peak intensity with 175 mph winds and central pressure of 907 mbar. Beginning on July 8, Everett began to enter its weakening process and moved off to the northwest. Everett weakened into a category 4 hurricane and then a category 3 hurricane during the early morning hours on July 9. Afterwards, Everett underwent more rapid weakening, weakening down to a category 1 hurricane and then a tropical storm on July 10. Everett then dissipated the next day as it moved into cooler waters. Everett caused no known impact.

Tropical Storm Fern


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Fern.png Fern's Path.png
Duration July 6 – July 10
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  993 mbar (hPa)

On July 3, a tropical wave emerged off of the Biolixi Islands and began to move northeastward. The tropical wave became more and more defined as the week progressed and it was given a near 100% chance of development by the National Hurricane Center and quickly became Tropical Depression Six on July 6. On July 7, Six strengthened into Tropical Storm Fern and continued to move to the northeast. Fern was only expected to be a tropical storm throughout its life as it moved closer to the Roanoke coast. On July 8, Fern gained its peak intensity with 65 mph winds and minimum pressure of 995 mbar. Afterwards, Fern began to drastically weaken, becoming a tropical depression on July 10. Fern then dissipated later the same day and brought much needed moisture to the fire stricken state of Roanoke.

Tropical Storm Gary


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Gary.png Gary's Path.png
Duration July 12 – July 16
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  990 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Tropical Storm Gary (2012)

On July 7, a tropical wave formed off the coast of Southwest. The low remained stationary off the coast bringing several inches of rain to the coastal areas of Southwest. Afterwards, the system inched to the east and then became stationary again; it was unknown if the system would develop at all because of being over or near land for a long period of time. On July 10, the system began to track to the east and soon rapidly strengthened. On July 12, the system became Tropical Depression Seven off the coast of the Southern Biolixi Island. Seven continued to move to the east-southeast and quickly became Tropical Storm Gary on July 13. Gary then began to dump several inches of rain in the area, bringing an estimated 14 inches of rain in some parts. During the evening hours of July 14, Gary gained its peak intensity of 70 mph and pressure of 990 mbar while making a landfall on the Eastern Biolixi Island. On July 15, Gary moved back out into open waters and began to drastically weaken due to dry air that was present. Gary weakened into a tropical depression on July 16 and then dissipated the next day. Gary caused around 670 million simoleons in damage and caused 5 deaths.

Hurricane Howard


Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Howard.png Howard's Path.png
Duration July 23 – July 28
Intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min),  925 mbar (hPa)

On July 21, a tropical wave developed along the Tropical Cyclone Formation Axis and began to head east. The tropical wave quickly gained tropical characteristics and quickly became Tropical Depression Eight on July 23. Eight continued to track to the east and unexpectedly became Tropical Storm Howard during the evening hours of July 23. Due to lack of expected wind shear, Howard was given room to intensify. Howard became a category 1 hurricane on July 24. While undergoing rapid intensification, Howard became a category 2 hurricane during the evening hours of July 24, and began to head to the east-northeast. Howard then became a category 3 and then a category 4 on July 25, attaining its peak intensity with winds of 150 mph winds and pressure of 925 mbar. Afterwards, Howard began to weaken as it met cooler waters. Howard weakened into a category 3, then a category 2 on July 26. On July 27, Howard weakened into a category 1 hurricane and continued to head into even cooler waters. Howard then weakened to a tropical storm, and then dissipated on July 28. Howard caused no known damage, but did produce strong rip currents.

Hurricane Ingrid


Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Ingrid.png Ingrid's Path.png
Duration August 8 – August 14
Intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min),  959 mbar (hPa)

On August 5, a tropical wave formed over the Biolixi Islands. The tropical wave was in the only area with a favorable environment at the time, due to a dry air all around the islands. On August 6 to 7, the tropical wave began to move north, which weakened the system drastically. Due to a a upper-level low forming inside of the dry air, the dry air was pushed away to the east; this gave the system enough room to strengthen. On August 8, the tropical disturbance strengthened into Tropical Depression Nine just north of the Biolixi Islands. Due to moving over the Tropical Cyclone formation axis, Nine rapidly strengthened into Tropical Storm Ingrid later that day. On August 9, Ingrid moved quickly to the north-northeast and became a category 1 hurricane north of the Biolixi Islands. Afterwards on August 11, Ingrid became a category 2 hurricane , reaching its peak intensity with 110 mph winds and minimum pressure of 960 mbar. Ingrid then continued to move quickly to the north and weaken. On August 12, Ingrid weakened into a category 1 hurricane. On August 13, Ingrid weakened into a tropical storm. Ingrid then dissipated on August 14.

Hurricane Joe


Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Joe.png Joe's Path.png
Duration August 17 – August 24
Intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min),  980 mbar (hPa)

On August 15, a tropical wave developed to the northwest of the Biolixi Islands, the tropical wave began to organize rapidly and became Tropical Depression Ten on August 17. On August 18, Ten rapidly intensified into Tropical Storm Joe after meeting very warm waters. Joe then continues to move to the east. Joe became a category 1 hurricane on August 20 and gained its peak intensity of 90 mph on August 21. Afterwards, Joe continued to head to the east and brought dangerous rip currents to the Biolixi Islands which ordered closing of most public beaches. On August 23, Joe continued to rapidly weaken due to meeting very dry air, it weakened into a tropical storm that same day. On August 24, while continuing its rapid weakening, Joe weakened into a tropical depression. Joe then dissipated the next day.

Tropical Storm Kenneth


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Kenneth.png Kenneth's Path.png
Duration August 18 – August 25
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  989 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Tropical Storm Kenneth (2012)

On August 16, the National Hurricane Center monitored a tropical disturbance that formed off the coast of Roanoke. The system slowly developed off the coast at a near stationary pace, dumping heavy rain in along the coast. On August 18, the tropical disturbance was upgraded to Tropical Depression Eleven. Roanoke was severely damaged with flooding, mudslides along the coasts, and very dangerous rip currents. Eleven slowly moved up along the coast for several days continuing to bring these types of threats. Eleven steadily moved up along the coast and then pushed off to the northwest where it became Tropical Storm Kenneth on August 21. Kenneth continued its path to the northwest, not affecting any land. On August 22, Kenneth reached its peak intensity with 70 mph winds and minimum pressure of 989 mbar. On August 24, Kenneth weakened into a tropical depression. Kenneth then dissipated after meeting very cold waters on August 25.

Hurricane Lili


Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Lili.png Lili's Path.png
Duration August 24 – August 31
Intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min),  956 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Lili

On August 18, the National Hurricane Center monitored a tropical disturbance that formed off the coast of Southwest. The wave continued east and had a firm chance to develop, but interacted with the Biolixi Islands for several days, which gradually weakened the system. On August 22, the system moved back out into open water and rapidly began to organize. On August 24, the system became Tropical Depression Twelve to the east of the Biolixi Islands. Later the same day, Twelve rapidly intensified into Tropical Storm Lili. On August 27, Lili met very warm waters that were off the coast of Gulf, and became a category 1 hurricane. On August 28, Lili made landfall in Simcity near the city of Gulfport with 85 mph winds. Lili then began to move to the northeast and continued to strengthen and as it continued to move towards the other coasts. On August 29, Lili rapidly strengthened into a category 2 hurricane and then a category 3 major hurricane. This is which devastated the coast of the San Francisco Peninsula with 115 mph winds. This brought flooding, very gusty winds, and power failure across much of the peninsula. Lili then made a second landfall as a category 1 hurricane on the Barrier Peninsula where it brought dangerous landslides and flooding to the area aswell. Lili then moved further inland where it quickly interacted with high mountains and weakened into a tropical storm on August 30. Lili then dissipated on August 31 over Roanoke. Lili caused around 11.7 billion simoleons in damage and caused around 17 deaths.

Tropical Storm Molly


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Molly.png Molly's Path.png
Duration August 28 – September 2
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min),  998 mbar (hPa)

On August 27, a vigorous tropical low developed to the north of Southwest. The low pressure area quickly organized and became Tropical Depression Thirteen on August 28. Thirteen then moved off to the east where it began to strengthen as it met warmer waters along the Southwest coast. Concern was spread as Thirteen moved a little close to the coast, that was when the National Hurricane Center ordered tropical storm watches along the coast just in case Thirteen would turn into Molly. Thirteen then moved away from land where it became Tropical Storm Molly on August 30. Molly then tracked to the east towards the Biolixi Islands and attained its peak intensity of 50 mph and minimum pressure of 998 mbar. Molly then continued to the east and began to rapidly dissipate. Molly weakened into a tropical depression on August 30. Molly then dissipated on September 2.

Tropical Storm Noel


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Noel.png Noel's Path.png
Duration September 5 – September 8
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  997 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Tropical Storm Noel (2012)

On September 3, a vigorous tropical wave appeared to the northeast of the Biolixi Islands and began to move south. The tropical wave quickly organized and became Tropical Depression Fourteen on September 5. Only five hours after becoming a tropical depression, Nineteen strengthened into Tropical Storm Noel. Noel then began to move to the southwest and continued to slowly strengthen as it headed towards the coast of the Eastern Biolixi Island. On September 7, Noel gained its peak intensity of 65 mph and minimum pressure of 997 mbar just off shore from the Eastern Biolixi Island. Noel then made landfall on September 8 with 65 mph winds causing flooding rains, gusty winds, and landslides along the coasts. After landfall, Noel drastically weakened as it moved over higher land, it weakened into a tropical depression, bringing the heavy rain further inland. Noel then dissipated on September 9.

Hurricane Omar


Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Omar.png Omar's Path.png
Duration September 7 – September 16
Intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min),  932 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Omar (2012)

On September 5, a tropical wave emerged off the coast of Southwest. The wave slowly organized as it neared the Biolixi Islands on September 6. The National Hurricane Center gave it a 90% chance of development during the same day off the coast of the Northern Biolixi Island. On September 7, the tropical disturbance had a well defined center and became Tropical Depression Fifteen. Fifteen inched along the coast at a near stationary pace and became Tropical Storm Omar on September 9. Omar then began to move away from the coast and intensified into a category 1 hurricane on September 10. On September 11, while continuing its rapid strengthening, Omar became a category 2 hurricane. On September 12, a colf front began to move slowly eastward next to Omar, making Omar move at a faster pace towards the northwest; Omar also became a major hurricane after meeting the cold front. On September 13, Omar attained its peak intensity with 145 mph winds and minimum pressure 932 mbar. On September 14, the trough began to shear Omar, weakening it to a category 3 and then a category 2 hurricane. While continuing to move into cooler waters, Omar weakened into a tropical storm on September 15 a few hundred miles off the coast of Northwest. On September 16, Omar completely dissipated after meeting a very strong upper-level wind flow. Omar mainly caused flooding rains to the Northern Biolixi Island, Omar caused 130 million simoleons in damage and 2 deaths.

Hurricane Paul


Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Paul.png Paul's Path.png
Duration September 12 – September 16
Intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min),  960 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Paul

On September 10, a tropical wave formed from an area of low pressure in the southern half of the Biolixi Ocean. The wave gradually organized and became Tropical Depression Sixteen on September 12, about 90 miles off the coast of Gulf. On September 13, Sixteen intensified into Tropical Storm Paul just off the coast of Gulfport. On September 14, Paul intensified into a category 1 hurricane after meeting even warmer waters. Paul moved right along the coast slowly bringing heavy damage to the city of Gulfport and neighboring cities, bringing strong winds and flooding rains. On September 15, Paul strengthened into a strong category 2 hurricane with 110 mph winds, causing even more damage to Gulf and San Francisco. On September 16, Paul weakened into a category 1 hurricane an then made landfall near St. Anthony with 85 mph winds. This created more strong winds and extreme flooding in saturated areas. Paul then moved over very tall mountains which completely exposed the center of circulation, which in turn dissipated the system. Out of all, Paul's main impacts were strong winds, extreme widespread flooding, and landslides throughout the region. Paul caused an estimated 22.4 billion simoleons in damage, and caused around 570 deaths. This makes Paul the most devastating system of the year.

Hurricane Rick


Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Rick.png Rick's Path.png
Duration September 13 – September 21
Intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min),  909 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Rick (2012)

On September 10, a tropical wave developed to the west of the Biolixi Islands and began to organize. The National Hurricane Center monitored the system closely as it was given an 80% chance of development on September 12. On September 13, the tropical disturbance was upgraded to Tropical Depression Seventeen, right off the coast of the Biolixi Islands. On September 14, while continuing its strengthening, Seventeen became Tropical Storm Rick. On September 15, Rick came within 50 miles of the coast of the Northern Biolixi Island, causing flooding rain to coastal areas. On September 16, Rick strengthened into a category 1 hurricane while continuing its strengthening; Rick further strengthened into a category 2 hurricane later the same day. On September 17, Rick moved into a very favorable environment, in turn strengthening the system into a major hurricane. Rick gained its peak intensity with 180 mph winds and minimum pressure of 909 mbar during the evening hours on September 18 as a category 5 hurricane. Rick came close to becoming more intense than Hurricane Everett of earlier the same year, but conditions weren't as favorable as they were for Hurricane Everett. On September 19, Rick weakened into a category 3 hurricane, and then a category 2 hurricane during the evening hours. After meeting colder waters, Rick continued its weakening process and weakened into a category 1 hurricane and then a tropical storm. On September 21, Rick dissipated after merging with a cold front. Rick caused only minimal damage to the Biolixi Islands.

Tropical Storm Samuel


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Samuel.png Samuel's Path.png
Duration September 29 – October 2
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  993 mbar (hPa)

On September 27, a tropical wave developed to the north of Southwest. The tropical wave began to rapidly organize as it continued to move to the west. On September 29, the tropical wave became Tropical Storm Samuel, skipping tropical depression status. On September 30, Samuel began to move towards the north as expected due to a low pressure system to its east. Samuel then began to pull to the northwest as the low pressure system began to move north, which rapidly deteriorated the system. Samuel then began to rapidly weaken after gaining its peak intensity with 65 mph winds and minimum pressure of 993 mbar. Samuel continued to meet unusually cold water and began to weaken on October 1. On October 2, Samuel weakened into a tropical depression and then dissipated after being absorbed by a dip in the jetstream. There were no impacts from Samuel.

Hurricane Terry


Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Terry.png Terry's Path.png
Duration October 11 – October 17
Intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min),  972 mbar (hPa)

On October 9, a tropical wave developed along the Tropical Cyclone formation axis. The wave persisted with minimal thunderstorm activity on October 10 while it moved to the north of the Biolixi Islands. On October 11, the tropical wave quickly gained organization and became Tropical Depression Nineteen just to the north of the Northern Biolixi Islands. On October 12, Nineteen quickly strengthened into Tropical Storm Terry after meeting very favorable conditions. Terry then continued to the east and began to strengthen. On October 14, Terry began to move very slowly and began to move to the north-northwest, where it became a category 1 hurricane. On October 15, Terry continued to strengthen and became a category 2 hurricane with the peak intensity of 100 mph winds and minimum pressure of 972 mbar. Terry then began to be pushed to the east by the neighboring low pressure system to its west, and was downgraded to a category 1 hurricane later that day. On October 16, Terry began to move over a cold area of water, with slight wind shear. Terry weakened into a tropical storm after encountering those conditions. On October 17, Terry rapidly weakened into a tropical depression after becoming severely sheared. Terry dissipated the same day.

Hurricane Vicente


Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Vicente.png Vicente's Path.png
Duration October 19 – October 25
Intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min),  921 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane Vicente (2012)

On October 17, a vigorous tropical wave developed along the Tropical Cyclone Formation Axis. The wave gradually moved to the east-southeast and was given a near 100% chance of development during the early morning hours of October 19. During the same day, the tropical wave organized into Tropical Depression Twenty and then to Tropical Storm Vicente during the evening hours. Vicente then continued to move towards the southwest where it began to rapidly intensify. Vicente became a category 1 hurricane on October 21. On October 22, Vicente underwent a very intense rapid intensification. Vicente became a category 2 during the early morning hours, the season's eighth major hurricane during the later mornings hours, and then became a category 4 hurricane during the afternoon hours. Vicente also gained its peak intensity with 150 mph winds and minimum pressure of 921 mbar. Afterwards, Vicente rapidly weakened into a category 3 hurricane and then into a category 1 hurricane as it drew closer to the Northern Biolixi Island west coast and made landfall. Vicente then rapidly weakened and dissipated on October 26. Vicente caused very severe wind damage to unprepared homes along the western coast of the island. Heavy flooding rain was also a big problem for already saturated ground on the Northern Biolixi Island. Vicente caused around 920 million simoleons in damage and caused 2 deaths.

Tropical Storm Wallis


Tropical storm (SSHS)
Tropical Storm Wallis.png Wallis' Path.png
Duration November 10 – November 14
Intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min),  1000 mbar (hPa)

On November 8, a tropical wave developed along the Tropical Cyclone Formation Axis. The wave slowly moved towards the east-southeast and began to slowly develop. On November 10, the tropical disturbance fully developed into Tropical Depression Twenty-One to the northwest of the Biolixi Islands. Twenty-One steadily moved towards the east and slowly strengthened. During the evening hours of November 11, Twenty-One developed into Tropical Storm Wallis. Wallis continued to move slowly towards the east and gained its peak intensity of 45 mph and minimum pressure of 1000 mbar on November 12. Even though Wallis was further to the north of the Northern Biolixi Island, some minimal impacts such as light rain and dangerous surf were reported on the northern coast. After passing above the island, Wallis began to slowly weaken, becoming a very weak tropical storm on November 13. On November 14, Wallis weakened into a tropical depression. Wallis then dissipated the next day.

Hurricane January


Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane January.png January's Path.png
Duration December 6 – December 9
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  972 mbar (hPa)

Main Article: Hurricane January (2012)

On December 4, a tropical disturbance began developing off the coast of Northwest. The wave slowly began to organize due to forming from a cold front. The disturbance began to show a well-defined center and became the twenty-second named storm of the 2012 season, January. This was the first time in history that the National Hurricane Center needed to cycle to the back-up list for an over-active system. On December 7, January began to be shoved to the north and then to the northwest, where it began to rapidly develop. A moisture flow to January's south continued to feed the system, which the strengthened it. January broke another record on December 8 when the system became the most northern hurricane to ever develop in the Biolixi Ocean in recorded history. January gained its peak intensity of 85 mph and minimum pressure of 972 during the same day; this makes January the most intense northern system on record. On December 8, January began to rapidly weaken due to very strong eastward wind shear. January weakened into a tropical depression on December 9, and then dissipated. There were no impacts from January. Since January was a post-season system, January didn't qualify for any end of season awards at the National Hurricane Center Conference on November 30.

Storm Names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the Biolixi Ocean in 2012. This is the same list used in 2006, with the exception of Fern, Ingrid, and Molly which were used to replace Florence, Isabel, and Michelle respectively. The names that were not retired from this list will be used again in 2018. The names Fern, Ingrid, and Molly were used for the first time this year.

Back-Up List

Main Article: Biolixi Ocean Hurricane Back-Up List

The National Hurricane Center created this special back-up list in 2008 when the season produced 21 names storms for the first time in recorded history. Although the list wasn't used in 2008 or any years after it, the NHC has a back-up list for just that kind of situation. The back-up list contains all names of each month in a year.

  • January
  • February (unused)
  • March (unused)
  • April (unused)
  • May (unused)
  • June (unused)
  • July (unused)
  • August (unused)
  • September (unused)
  • October (unused)
  • November (unused)
  • December (unused)

Retirement

During the 9th session of the NHC Conference, the National Hurricane Center retired three names from their rotating lists. Bob, Lili, and Paul were retired due extensive damage and loss of life, they were replaced by Bruce, Leo, and Preston for the 2018 season.

Season effects

The following table lists all of the storms that formed in the 2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season. It includes their duration, names, landfall(s)–denoted by bold location names–damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low, and all of the damage figures are in 2012 SCS.

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
2012 Biolixi Ocean statistics
Storm name Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min wind

mph

Min. press. (Mbar) Areas Affected Damage (millions SCS) Deaths


Annette May 3 – May 6 Tropical storm 60 998 Biolixi Islands (Northern Biolixi Island) 200.5 2 (5)
Bob May 25 – May 30 Category 3 hurricane 125 954 Northwest 6,000 10
Cindy June 9 – June 12 Category 1 hurricane 75 987 None None None
Darell June 19 – June 25  Category 4 hurricane 150 937 Simcity (Gulf) and (San Francisco) 590 4
Everett July 4 – July 11 Category 5 hurricane 175 907 None None None
Fern July 6 – July 10 Tropical storm 65 993 None None None
Gary July 12 – July 16 Tropical storm 70 990 Biolixi Islands 670 5
Howard July 23 – July 28 Category 4 hurricane 150 925 None None None
Ingrid August 8 – August 14 Category 2 hurricane 110 959 None None None
Joe August 17 – August 24 Category 1 hurricane 90 980 None None None
Kenneth August 18 – August 25 Tropical storm 70 989 Roanoke 115 4
Lili August 24 – August 31 Category 3 hurricane 115 956 Simcity (San Francisco) 11,700 17
Molly August 28 – September 2 Tropical storm 50 998 None None None
Noel September 5 – September 8 Tropical storm 65 997 Biolixi Islands (Eastern Biolixi Island) 240 None
Omar September 7 – September 16 Category 4 hurricane 145 932 Biolixi Islands (Northern Biolixi Island) 130 2
Paul September 12 – September 16 Category 2 hurricane 110 960 Simcity (Gulf) and (San Francisco) 22,400 570
Rick September 13 – September 21 Category 5 hurricane 180 909 Biolixi Islands Minimal None
Samuel September 29 – October 2 Tropical storm 65 993 None None None
Terry October 11 – October 17 Category 2 hurricane 100 972 None None None
Vicente October 19 – October 25 Category 4 hurricane 150 921 Biolixi Islands (Northern Biolixi Island) 920 2
Wallis November 10 – November 14 Tropical storm 45 1000 None None None
January December 6 – December 9 Category 1 hurricane 85 972 None None None
Season Aggregates
19 cyclones May 3 – December 9   180 907 43,265 621

See also

Hurricane Seasons
2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2008 - 2009 - 2010 - 2011 - 2012 - 2013

Tropical cyclones in the 2012 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season
Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5

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