The 2013 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season is the second most active hurricane season, having 21 tropical storms form, 12 hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes. However, it is considered an average season in terms of named storms. The season started with a pre-season storm, Tropical Depression One which remained far from land. One was once the only system to form in May. During the month of June three systems formed, each of them affecting a different area. Hurricane Andrea caused some early season damage to San Francisco and Gulf, Tropical Storm Beatrice caused some flooding and heavy rain in Southwest, and Tropical Storm Claudette caused some rare tropical storm force winds and severe flooding to Meldova and northern Roanoke. In the month of July three systems formed. Hurricane Danny a high-end category 4 hurricane that caused minimal impact to the Biolixi Islands, Hurricane Eloise a category 2 hurricane far from land, and Tropical Storm Fabian a minimal tropical storm that struck the Northern Biolixi Island formed. So far in the month of August, Hurricane Gilbert a category 2 hurricane far from land, Tropical Storm Hanna which impacted San Francisco and Gulf, Hurricane Irene a major hurricane that affected the Biolixi Islands, the second strongest storm of the year Hurricane Juliette, Hurricane Kameron a weak category 1 hurricane, category 4 Hurricane Lenny, Tropical Storm Miranda a short lived tropical storm, and Tropical Storm Nichole have formed. However, due to a powerful La Nina caving in, Nichole was the last named storm of the season. Because of the La Nina, the season was thought to have ended in late September. The only other time this happened was in 2011. In October, a very powerful cat 5 hurricane almost wiped the Biloxi islands off the map. Three other October formed storms followed. First a strong category 1 hurricane, then a tropical storm, then a extremely rare November category 5 hurricane. Two storms formed in November. The first was a long lived 140 mph category 4 hurricane which ruined thanksgiving for millions. The last one was a tropical storm that crossed over into December. The last storm of the year, a tropical storm, crossed over into the new year. In this basin, this feat was never accomplished until that storm. It dissipated on January 7, 2014, becoming the latest forming and dissipating storm on record, and finally ending this long and brutal season.
Named Storms: 14
Major Hurricanes: 4
Timeline of EventsEdit
Tropical Depression OneEdit
|Tropical depression (SSHS)|
|Duration||May 23 – May 26|
|Intensity||35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min), 1003 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Tropical Depression One (2013)
On May 17, an area of low pressure began to develop to the far west of Roanoke. The low pressure system moved to the east and slowly organized over unsually warm May waters. On May 22, the system began to move to the north due to a blocking high pressure system to its east. On May 23, the system was officially announced the first storm of the season, Tropical Depression One. One continued to the NNW and slowly strengthened in slightly favorable conditions; it gained its peak intensity of 35 mph and minimum pressure of 1003 mbar on May 24. During the early morning hours of May 25, One began its weakening process as it met more unfavorable conditions. One's center of circulation became completely exposed on May 26 and then dissipated.
|Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||June 11 – June 15|
|Intensity||105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min), 965 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Andrea (2013)
On June 9, a tropical wave began to develop a couple hundred miles off the coast of Roanoke and Gulf. The wave slowly moved towards the coast and slowly strengthened. It became Tropical Depression Two on June 11 after the National Hurricane Center found a well-defined but exposed center of circulation. During the later hours of June 11, Two's convection quickly tightened around the center of circulation and was upgraded to the first named storm of the season, Tropical Storm Andrea. Andrea continued its movement to the west and quickly strengthened off the coast of Gulf and become a the 2013 season's first hurricane with 90 mph winds. After it's quickly intensification, Andrea intensified even more becoming a category 2 hurricane and gaining its peak intensity of 105 mph and minimum pressure of 965 mbar. On June 13, Andrea made landfall on the Barrier Peninsula with 105 mph winds causing severe damage to that area. Due to the mountainous terrain from the Barrier Peninsula, Andrea weakened into a category 1 and then into a tropical storm as it emerged into the San Francisco Bay on June 14. During the late night hours of June 14, Andrea made its second landfall as a tropical storm on the eastern coast of the San Francisco Bay. Heavy rain and gusty winds were the main reports from that area. After landfall, Andrea moved inland and weakened into a tropical depression and then dissipated on June 15. Andrea caused 567 million simoleons in damage and caused 12 fatalities.
Tropical Storm BeatriceEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||June 15 – June 18|
|Intensity||70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min), 987 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Tropical Storm Beatrice (2013)
On June 13, a disturbed area of thunderstorms to the northeast of Southwest began to slowly organize. The wave moved slowly south and continued to organize on June 14. On June 15, the disturbance was upgraded to Tropical Depression Three just about 40 miles off the coast of Southwest. After Three's formation, it quickly strengthened into Tropical Storm Beatrice during the late night hours of the same day. Beatrice quickly strengthened on June 16 as it met very warm waters and very favorable conditions. Heavy rain, rip currents, and gusty winds were the main impacts as it moved along the coast of Southwest. On June 17, Beatrice gained its peak intensity of 70 mph and minimum pressure of 987 mbar. Later the same day, Beatrice made landfall in Southwest. Very heavy rain and strong winds were reported throughout the area as Beatrice moved inland and quickly weakened. On June 18, Beatrice weakened into a tropical depression and then dissipated. Beatrice caused an estimated 3 million simoleons in damage and caused 2 deaths.
Tropical Storm ClaudetteEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||June 24 – June 28|
|Intensity||60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min), 991 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Tropical Storm Claudette (2013)
On June 22, a tropical disturbance began to develop a few hundred miles off the coast of Roanoke. On June 24, the disturbance entered increasingly warm water and was upgraded to Tropical Depression Four by the National Hurricane Center. After being upgraded, Four continued to the northeast and continued to strengthen as it began its journey up the coast of Roanoke into coast of the country Meldova. On June 26, Four strengthened into Tropical Storm Claudette while continuing up the coast of Roanoke, into Meldova. Later the same day, Claudette gained its peak intensity of 60 mph and minimum pressure of 991 mbar. Heavy rain and very gusty winds were reported along the coast as Claudette past the along the coast. On June 27, Claudette made landfall in Meldova with 50 mph winds causing damage that people in that area rarely experience. Claudette is one of the first tropical cyclones to hit that area since the 2004 season. On June 28, Claudette continued to weaken as it moved further inland, becoming a tropical depression later that day. On June 29, Claudette dissipated.
|Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||July 7 – July 16|
|Intensity||145 mph (235 km/h) (1-min), 932 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Danny (2013)
On July 5, a tropical wave began to develop on the extreme western portion of the Biolixi Ocean. The wave moved to the east and continued to organize as it met increasingly favorable conditions. On July 7, the wave fully developed into Tropical Depression Five. As Five continued to the east, it intensified into Tropical Storm Danny on July 8. Throughout July 9, Danny continued its intensification process becoming a high end tropical storm during the evening hours. After several hours of intensification, Danny strengthened into the second hurricane of the year on July 10. On July 11, Danny became a category 2 hurricane and then into the first major hurricane of the season during the evening hours. Being a category 3 hurricane, Danny brought some very strong rip currents and dangerous surf to the Northern Biolixi Island as it passed only 120 miles to its north. On July 12, Danny continued to strengthen, becoming a category 4 hurricane with a very large well-defined eye. During the evening hours, Danny gained its peak intensity of 145 mph and minimum pressure of 932 mbar. On July 13, Danny began its weakening process becoming a category 3 hurricane that morning and then a category 2 in the evening. On July 14, Danny weakened into a category 1 with a rapidly diminishing eye feature in the center of the system. On July 15, Danny weakened into a tropical storm, and then into a tropical depression on July 16. Danny then dissipated the same day.
|Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||July 14 – July 18|
|Intensity||105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min), 961 mbar (hPa)|
On July 12, a tropical wave began to develop about 500 miles to the northeast of the Biolixi Islands. The wave became slightly sheared by its neighboring storm to its southwest, Hurricane Danny. Once Danny began to weaken, and the disturbance moved further north, the disturbance began to organized in slightly favorable conditions. On July 14, the disturbance became fully organized with a center of circulation present. The National Hurricane Center upgraded the system into Tropical Storm Eloise the same day, skipping tropical depression status. After becoming named, Eloise continued to strengthen and then quickly began to move towards the northwest with 60 mph winds. On July 15, Eloise became the third hurricane of the year with 80 mph winds, a category 1 hurricane. Eloise continued its intensification process, gaining its peak intensity of 110 mph winds and minimum pressure of 961 mbar. After attaining its peak intensity, Eloise began its weakening phase, becoming downgraded into a category 1 hurricane on July 17. On July 18, Eloise weakened into a tropical storm and then became extra-tropical during the evening hours. Eloise caused no impact to land.
Tropical Storm FabianEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||July 29 – July 31|
|Intensity||50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min), 1000 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Tropical Storm Fabian (2013)
On July 27, a tropical wave began to develop in the Bay of Biolixi south of the Northern Biolixi Island. The wave tracked towards the northeast and passed over the northwestern coast of the Eastern Biolixi Island causing some flash flooding and squally weather. The wave then passed the island and emerged back out into open water to the north of the island. The wave quickly developed over warm coastal waters and then strengthened into Tropical Depression Seven on July 29. While continuing its intensification, Seven was quickly upgraded to Tropical Storm Fabian on July 30. During the same day Fabian attained its peak intensity of 50 mph and minimum pressure of 1000 mbar and made landfall near the city of Washington City on the Northern Biolixi Island. Fabian caused heavy rains, flash flooding and gusty winds as it crossed the island moving to the west. Fabian continued to cross the island, weakening into a tropical depression over the island's mountainous terrain. During the evening hours on July 31, Fabian degenerated into a remnant low to the west of the Northern Biolixi Island. Fabian caused 920,000 simoleons in damage and caused 4 deaths.
|Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||August 2 – August 7|
|Intensity||100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min), 968 mbar (hPa)|
On July 31, a tropical wave began to develop in the far western region of the Biolixi Ocean. The wave tracked towards the west and developed over warm waters. On August 2, the wave fully developed into Tropical Depression Eight. Eight continued to move towards the east and then strengthened into Tropical Storm Gilbert on August 3. After becoming a tropical storm, Gilbert continued to strengthen and moved towards the east-northeast. On August 5, Gilbert's central pressure dropped very quickly and was quickly upgraded to a category 1 hurricane with 80 mph winds. On August 6, Gilbert operationally reached its peak intensity if 90 mph and minimum pressure of 971 mbar, however, in post season analysis, Gilbert was found to have become a category 2. On August 7, Gilbert rapidly weakened, going from its peak intensity to a tropical storm with 70 mph winds. On August 8, Gilbert degenerated into a remnant low. Gilbert caused no impact to land.
Tropical Storm HannaEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||August 3 – August 7|
|Intensity||70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min), 976 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Hanna (2013)
On August 1, a tropical disturbance began to be monitored by the National Hurricane Center. The disturbance began to move towards the San Francisco Gulf and slowly organized over warm waters. On August 3, the disturbance fully developed into Tropical Depression Nine. While continuing its track towards the San Francisco Gulf, Nine developed into Tropical Storm Hanna on August 4. As Nine became Hanna, tropical storm watches became in effect for the coasts of Gulf and San Francisco as Hanna was expected to move towards the area. Hanna did move towards the coast, and gradually strengthened. Hanna moved just along the southern coast of Gulf and then began to curve towards the north up along the coast of the San Francisco Peninsula. Heavy rain and gusty winds were reported as Hanna past the areas. On August 6, Hanna moved along the coast at an 8 mile proximity caused severe flash flooding and power outages due to strong wind gusts around 80 mph in some areas. During the evening hours of August 6, Hanna strengthened into a category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds and minimum pressure of 975 mbar, but in post season anylisys, Hanna never strengthened to a hurricane.. Hanna caused severe beach erosion to the Barrier Peninsula and also widespread power outages and wind damage. Hanna's rainfall added to the area already hit in early June by Hurricane Andrea. Hanna in all caused 829 million simoleons in damage and caused 22 deaths.
|Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||August 10 – August 16|
|Intensity||130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min), 949 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Irene (2013)
On August 8, a tropical wave began to develop just off the coast of Southwest. The wave slowly tracked towards the north-northeast and organized over warm waters. On August 10, the wave fully developed into Tropical Depression Ten. As ten continued to move towards the northeast, it intensified into Tropical Storm Irene just 10 hours later. As Irene continued to move towards the north-northeast, it intensified into a category 1 hurricane. On August 12, Irene intensified into a category 2 hurricane as it moved closer to the northern end of the Northern Biolixi Island and then into the season's second major hurricane of the year on August 13. On August 14, Irene gained its peak intensity of 130 mph and minimum pressure of 949 mbar. As Irene gained its peak intensity, hurricane impacts began to be reported in the Northern Biolixi Island. Strong winds, heavy rain, and dangerous surf was reported. On August 15, Irene weakened into a category 2 hurricane as it moved onshore on the Northern Biolixi Island. Strong winds, heavy rain, and a storm surge was reported as Irene impacted areas such as Washington City. Due to the mountainous terrain of the island, Irene rapidly weakened. Irene weakened into a tropical storm and then into a tropical depression on August 16. Irene dissipated soon afterwards. Irene caused an estimated 1 billion simoleons in damage and caused around 57 deaths. Making Irene the most costliest storm of the year so far.
|Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||August 22 – August 31|
|Intensity||165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min), 911 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Juliette (2013)
On August 20, a disturbance located on the western portion of the Biolixi Ocean along the Tropical Cyclone Formation Axis began to develop. The wave slowly moved towards the east-northeast and then strengthened into Tropical Depression Eleven on August 22. As Eleven continued to move towards the east-northeast it strengthened into Tropical Storm Juliette the following day. Due to favorable environmental conditions, Juliette continued to strengthen, becoming a high end tropical storm on August 25. On August 26, Juliette strengthened into the seventh hurricane of the season with 85 mph winds. While continuing its intensification, Juliette strengthened into a category 2, then into a category 3 on August 27. On August 28, Juliette quickly strengthened into a category 4, then into the season's first category 5 hurricane. Juliette gained its peak intensity of 165 mph and its minimum pressure of 911 mbar. As Juliette moved further north, it gradually weakened, becoming a category 4 and then a category 3 on August 29. On August 30, Juliette moved into even colder waters weakening itself into a category 1 hurricane and then into a tropical storm. Juliette then dissipated soon afterwards. No impacts were reported from Juliette.
|Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||August 30 – September 4|
|Intensity||75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min), 987 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Tropical Storm Kameron (2013)
On August 28, a tropical disturbance began to develop between the coasts of the Northern Biolixi Island and the Southern Biolixi Island. The wave slowly moved towards the east and began to gain more conducive thunderstorm activity. On August 30, the wave fully developed into Tropical Depression Twelve just off the coast of the Northern Biolixi Island. After becoming a tropical depression, Twelve moved slowly towards the north-northeast and strengthened into Tropical Storm Kameron on September 1. After becoming a tropical storm, Kameron began to curve towards the north and then to the northwest due to a high pressure system to its east. On September 2, Kameron moved towards the northwest just along the coast of the Northern Biolixi Island causing heavy rain and flash flooding. Kameron also gained its peak intensity of 70 mph and minimum pressure of 990 mbar during that same day, but was upped to 75/990 mbar in post analysis. After gaining its peak intensity, Kameron continued to move towards the northwest and then slowly weakened. The last advisory from the National Hurricane Center on Kameron was issued on September 4.
|Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||September 6 – September 12|
|Intensity||140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min), 935 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article: Hurricane Lenny (2013)
On September 4, a tropical disturbance began to be monitored near the coast of Southwest. The wave quickly developed in favorable conditions and became Tropical Depression Thirteen on September 6. Shortly afterwards, it intensified into Tropical Storm Lenny just 5 hours later. After becoming a tropical storm, Lenny continued to move towards the northeast and gradually strengthened, becoming a strong tropical storm on September 8. On September 9, Lenny underwent rapid intensification becoming a hurricane and then a major hurricane within the span of 14 hours. Lenny's gained its peak intensity of 140 mph and a minimum pressure of 935 mbar. On September 10, Lenny soon began its weakening process, becoming a category 2 and then into a category 1 during the same day. Lenny then continued to weaken, becoming a tropical storm on September 11. Lenny then dissipated afterwards on September 12. Lenny caused some large swells and dangerous rip currents on the Biolixi Islands.
Tropical Storm MirandaEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||September 10 – September 12|
|Intensity||60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min), 995 mbar (hPa)|
On September 8, a tropical wave began to develop to the east of the Eastern Biolixi Island. The wave at first was trying to develop in slightly unfavorable conditions. Once the system move more towards the northeast conditions became more favorable for development. On September 10, the wave fully developed into Tropical Storm Miranda, skipping tropical depression status. After becoming a tropical storm, Miranda moved towards the northeast where it gradually strengthened. Miranda gained its peak intensity of 60 mph and its minimum pressure of 995 mbar on September 11. September 12, Miranda began to weaken as it met more unfavorable conditions towards its northeast. Miranda rapidly lost convection around its center and was declared post-tropical later that day.
Tropical Storm NicholeEdit
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||September 20 – September 23|
|Intensity||60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min), 998 mbar (hPa)|
On September 17, a tropical wave began to develop off the coast of the Eastern Biolixi Island. The wave slowly moved towards the east and gradually organized in favorable conditions. On September 20, the disturbance was fully upgraded to Tropical Storm Nichole, skipping tropical depression status. On September 21, Nichole began to move towards the east-northeast and slowly strengthened. Nichole gained its peak intensity of 60 mph and a minimum pressure of 998 mbar the following day. On September 23, Nichole began its weakening process. A strong slow of wind shear began to expose the center of circulation, quickly weakening Nichole. Nichole weakened into a tropical depression during the evening hours of September 23 and then dissipated the next day. There were no reported impacts from Nichole.
- Nichole is the earliest last named storm in the Biloxi ocean in history.
Great Hurricane Of 2013Edit
|Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Duration||October 1 – October 16|
|Intensity||190 mph (300 km/h) (1-min), 888 mbar (hPa)|
Since Nichole, the weather center broke down. Until late July 2014, the reason why was a mystery. On July 30, the meteorologists at the IBrian Weather Service found out that the break down was the work of a powerful category 5 hurricane that lasted in October.
After Nichole dissipated, a wave formed in open ocean, it began to strengthen, and by October 1, it became a tropical storm. It rapidly intensified, becoming a hurricane 18 hours later, and a major by 0100 UTC October 2.
At that time, it was about 300 miles west of the Biloxi Islands. Surf was reaching heights not seen before since late August 2004, when Hurricane Ten, a category 4 hurricane, tore through those islands. The 2013 hurricane became a cat 5 late October 3. 3 hours later, it made landfalls in those islands with winds of 175, 190, and 185 mph. Once it left the Biloxi islands, the hurricane gained peak intensity with a pressure of 888 millibars, the most intense for this region. On October 14, it weakened to a c2, a cat 1 on the 15, and a ts on the 16. It became extra tropical later that day.
The trail of devastation it left behind was magnificent, as the weather men said that none of the storms they forecasted from the beginning would compare to this one. Hundreds of towns and cities were either destroyed or wiped off the map. It left almost 100 billion dollars in its wake and killed over 7,000 people in the islands. The death toll could reach up to 24,000 by August 2014.
Late October Tropical StormEdit
Was a storm that effected places that were ruined by Andrea and Hanna.
The following names will be used for named storms that form in the Biolixi Ocean in 2013. This is the same list used in 2007, with the exception of Hanna and Virginia which were used to replace Holly and Vera respectively. Retired names, if any, will be announced by the National Hurricane Center on November 30, 2013. The names not retired from this list will be used again in 2019. The name Hanna was used for the first time this year.
The following table lists all of the storms that formed in the 2013 Biolixi Ocean hurricane season. It includes their duration, names, landfall(s)–denoted by bold location names–damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low, and all of the damage figures are in 2013 SCS.
|Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale|
|Storm name||Dates active||Storm category
at peak intensity
|Max 1-min wind
|Min. press. (Mbar)||Areas Affected||Damage (millions SCS)||Deaths
|One||May 23 – May 26||Tropical depression||35||1003||None||None||None|
|Andrea||June 11 – June 15||Category 2 hurricane||105||965||Simcity (Gulf), (Roanoke), and (San Francisco)||567||12|
|Beatrice||June 15 – June 18||Tropical storm||70||987||Southwest||3||2|
|Claudette||June 24 - June 28||Tropical storm||60||991||Roanoke and Meldova||.890||4|
|Danny||July 7 - July 16||Category 4 hurricane||145||932||Northern Biolixi Island||Minimal||None|
|Eloise||July 14 - July 18||Category 2 hurricane||105||961||None||None||None|
|Fabian||July 29 - July 31||Tropical storm||50||1000||Eastern Biolixi Island and Northern Biolixi Island||.920||4|
|Gilbert||August 2 - August 7||Category 1 hurricane||90||971||None||None||None|
|Hanna||August 3 - August 7||Category 1 hurricane||75||975||Simcity (Gulf and San Francisco)||829||22|
|Irene||August 10 - August 16||Category 3 hurricane||120||952||Northern Biolixi Island||1,000||13|
|Juliette||August 22 - August 31||Category 5 hurricane||165||911||None||None||None|
|Kameron||August 30 - September 4||Tropical storm||70||990||Northern Biolixi Island||Unknown||Unknown|
|Lenny||September 6 - September 12||Category 4 hurricane||140||935||None||None||None|
|Miranda||September 10 - September 12||Tropical storm||60||995||None||None||None|
|Nichole||September 20 - September 23||Tropical storm||60||998||None||None||None|
|Great Hurricane||October 1 - October 16 ||Category 5 hurricane||190||888||Biloxi Islands||~100 Billion||over 7,000|
|14 cyclones||May 23 – season still active||165||911||1,572.639||57|
|2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2008 - 2009 - 2010 - 2011 - 2012 - 2013|